Just after this, Lynch and MacBride came upon each other—both covered in dust, exhausted and battle weary. At the battle of Talana Hill on 20 October 1899 the Irish commando played a small part and it was here they first came up against Irish regiments. DE BEER Afrikaans De Beer is a Dutch and Afrikaans surname, meaning "the bear" ... Louw is a surname that has pre 7th century Germanic origins. A group of officers who returned to Mersa Matruh after the battle of Sidi Rezegh. However, a greater mark of appreciation of the bravery of Irish troops in South Africa was accorded when, a short while later, the Queen also deemed it appropriate that an Irish regiment of Foot Guards be formed, to be designated the 'Irish Guards'. An Irish Regiment leaving Johannesburg Aug/Sept 1914, Irish Regiments in the British Army Serving in South Africa, All the regular units of Irish origin in the British Army have served for a period of time in South Africa. Shortly before Major MacBride was executed by firing squad in Kilmainham, he is reported to have said: ‘I have looked down the muzzles of too many guns in the South African war to fear death, and now please carry out your sentence’. A soldier of the 45th has supplied some interesting reminiscences of this time and mentions that the Grenadier Company of the 27th was 'the finest in the army, the tallest man being 'Long Hines' who stood 6 feet 8 inches, whilst the shortest was 6 foot.'. It is of interest to note that the appellation 'Sportsmen's Battalion' was largely due to the influence of Maj Twomey, who was extremely active in South African sport and prominent in the South African Amateur Boxing Association, the South African Athletics Association, and the South African Olympic Games Association. ‘To get my guns, the English will have to kill my Irish troops’, proclaimed Trichardt. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. The Irish commando protected the guns on Pepworth Hill but also indulged in some fairly foolhardy horse-rustling activities on the British perimeter. It is a strange omission since at the time ‘pro-Boer fever’ engulfed nationalist Ireland. NIALL is an Irish word which means CHAMPION. Place names in South Africa include: Upington, Portevill, Caledon, Cradock, Sir Henry Lowry's Pass, the Biggarsberg Mountains, Donnybrook and Belfast. Irish emigrants from the Midlands, Wexford and many counties of Ireland arrived in Argentina mainly from 1830 to 1930, with the largest wave taking place in 1850–1870. This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. The O' NEILLS of ULSTER are the oldest traceable family left in Europe. This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission Hundreds of Irish worked in the mines and many others fought in Irish regiments during the two Anglo Boer Wars. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. Find your Irish ancestry with John Grenham's expert system. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. The NEL surname originated from The Viking name NJAL. These Irishmen were to be found in at least six other Boer commandos. Walsh 94%, Walshe 6% 4. Col. C.A. General Dundas repeatedly declared that without the Dragoons he could not have held the colony. Generally speaking, they were courageous but inferior to the Boers in skill, and more than on one occasion, (e.g., at Elandslaagte and Magersfontein) allowed themselves to be surrounded, captured or destroyed. The Regiment at present stands 16th in order of precedence amongst the infantry battalions of the Citizen Force. As one would expect, a fair number of those in British colonial service in the sub-continent were Irish. In 1891 the unit was absorbed into the Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles as 'H' (Irish) Company. So if Irish surnames are misspelt and mangled in English-language records, you know why. TYPE LEER. Irish Surnames (3,500+) Irish Clan Names (140+) NOTE: For convenience sake this online version has converted the old Irish letters used in the original text to the roman alphabet, and exchanged the lenited or dotted consonants to their equivalents in the latter, e.g. Soon Colonel Blake had to vacate his comfortable surroundings in Pretoria’s Grand Hotel. Slightly after the famine, but my great-great-granny was a Kennaway girl, a group of Irish girls, supposedly over 18, but granny was 16, who sailed aboard the ‘Lady Kennaway’ to South Africa in 1857. On 26 December 1914 outposts of the South African Irish came into contact, and conflict, with German patrols. Most of the surnames of the Brazilian population have a Portuguese origin, due to Portuguese colonization in the country (it is estimated that 80% of the Brazilian population has at least one Portuguese ancestor), while other South American countries were largely colonized by the Spanish. Geni requires JavaScript! Indeed, until their amalgamation in the 1960s (with other regiments of the North Irish Brigade, the Royal Irish Rangers), they were still commonly referred to as the 'Faughs'. By 1896 there were about 1,000 Irish living in the mining settlement of Johannesburg as well as others in Pretoria and in more far-flung dorps, such as Middelburg where Griffith edited the precursor to the United Irishman. The regimental mascot was, predictably, an Irish terrier. War service units were created for East Africa and Europe, and the South African Irish Regiment was formed, together with elements from other units, into the composite 9 South African Infantry ('Sportsmen's') Battalion. The Colour was hung in the old St Mary's Cathedral, Johannesburg, but was, most regrettably, lost when the Cathedral moved from what is now Darragh House to its present site; and, despite the most intensive inquiries, cannot now be traced. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. As a further memento of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, Sam Browne belts were not worn for walking out.(9). But still, they fought on, now under the overall command of General Viljoen. So, too, did the 1903 Paris wedding of MacBride and Maud Gonne, who were married under the brigade’s flag by the brigade’s chaplain. SOURCE MOOC He also won the first road race between Johannesburg and Pretoria. Sometimes also a given name for boys. Although South Africa did not attract large scale migration, many Irish immigrated in small numbers throughout the 19 th century. The modern Irish-Argentine community is composed of some of their descendants, and the total number is estimated at 500,000–1,000,000. In July the Brigade moved to Barberton for further training and, after being fully motorized, proceeded via Durban to Kilindini on the Llanstephan Castle. Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records, Irish Settlement and Identity in South Africa before 1910, the South African National Museum of Military History, Sir John Francis Cook, Irish Cape Governor. F.H. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Among the casualties resulting from this action was the Second-in-Command, Maj Ward Clare. Regrettably, there is very little information available concerning the Cape Town Irish Rifles specifically, but it is hoped that further research will produce additional information. After 1916 and Independence in 1922, that … As 11 Battery, 4 Field Regiment, South African Artillery, the Irish were once again in action at El Alamein, and fired their first shot in the engagement on 24 September 1942, at 22h00. These relay Dragoons protected their houses from runaway slaves and their cattle from beasts of prey. I maintain the list. Note: Pronunciation marks were not copied. Here they faced Lord Roberts’ army of 45,000 men. That Christmas Day 1899, under the flag sent out by Maud Gonne and the Dublin-based Irish Transvaal Committee, the Irish held a horse race behind Pepworth Hill and then a banquet was laid on for Commandant General Joubert and many Boer officers and their wives. It is now common in South Africa. Only a few men, however, had fighting experience. On 11 February 1915, the Northern Force came under the command of Gen Louis Botha. Early Origins of the Leahy family. This, done with their daredevil tactics, made the Irish very valuable to the Boers. And finally there were the Irish in British Colonial police forces. Family emigrated to S.A - Port Elizabeth about 1849 onboard the ship "ORIENT" or "ORIENTAL" from Plymouth, England to Port Elizabeth, South Africa On 16 June the South African Irish was mobilized under the command of Lt Col D.I. Dick. Whether you're looking to trace your family crest or trying to trace your roots, we've got you covered. Surnames today: There are many different origins for Irish names today but the vast majority can be broken down into either of three categories: Gaelic Irish, Cambro-Norman, and finally Anglo-Irish. It's important to understand what's covered instead of assuming that every Web site and source is complete for every year and every name. The Irish commando was in the van of the Boer army when the town of Newcastle was occupied and looted. In all, some 300 men joined the Irish brigade, including a Catholic chaplain, some Gaelic speakers and about forty Protestants. Born - Lived in Limerick/Clare? These included Celtic Literary Society members John MacBride and Arthur Griffith. Apply this search to the user-submitted names Excluding the Irish administrators who could be found in any part of the British Empire, there were several professions and trades in South Africa which attracted the Irish. A campaign there against recruitment to the British army met with some success. The unit was designated as the First South African Irish but, in fact, a Second Battalion was never formed, for men intended for this Second Battalion were drafted to the First. Nelson is a western name, Rolihlahla is an African name and Mandela is derived from his clan, Madiba. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation Driscoll's Scouts was founded by Capt D.P. The Top 100 Surnames in Ireland. An Irish surname, a variant of Crosbie. Compared with the 4,452 casualties in the war from Irish regiments this is insignificant, but it was the activities of ‘MacBride’s Brigade’ which had caused excitement in Ireland. The first South African unit with a truly Irish background was the Cape Town Irish Rifles, raised by Maj O'Reilly in 1885. The South African Irish Regiment was a unit within 4 South African Infantry Brigade in Col Skinner's Northern Force and embarked from Cape Town on 21 December 1914. 2016 Family History is a new, free Irish genealogy education website, brought to you by the National Archives and IrishGenealogy.ie.The site is aimed primarily at secondary school students, but can be used by anyone with Irish ancestors to learn how to use the multiplicity of online sources now available for family history. He was rewarded by promotion and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining his post at Port Natal. However, it should be remembered that the Irish military tradition with regard to the British was in the shape of a two-edged sword. The Irish-English section, containing over 7,000 entries, gives the original form of the surname and its precise meaning, then its English equivalent and the former and present location in Ireland. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). The second Irish Transvaal Brigade was posted to the Helpmekaar Pass on the Biggarsberg where they fought well during the Boer retreat up to Laing’s Nek on the Natal border. Elements of the Irish Guards were to participate in the latter phases of the Anglo-Boer War, as components of a composite Guards Mounted Infantry unit. In 1901 Lynch had got himself elected to an Irish seat in parliament, something MacBride had not achieved; but returning from Paris to England, he had been arrested, tried and convicted of high treason. Irishmen in the Service of the Boer Republics. At a later date, a new badge minus the crown was produced in Pretoria, to be worn by all non-commissioned ranks, officers continuing to wear the original badge, minus the crown, which was of silver. Secondly, one notes the chameleon-like character of the Regiment, changing from an infantry to an artillery unit, and then reconverting to an infantry unit once again. Firstly, one has its recurring characteristic of disbandment and re-establishment; its disappearance following the close of World War 1, and reformation in 1939. To find links to collections for lower jurisdictions (such as a county, town, or parish), go to Locating Online Databases. The dividing line between commandeering and looting is fine and the Irish corps were sometimes accused of crossing it. were brought to South Africa as slaves. WELKOM CUZZINS! HUGUENOT FAMILIES These lists were taken from "Irish Pedigrees",vol.2, by John O'Hart. A pipe band was formed, the pipes and music being obtained in Eire and the personnel wearing saffron kilts and green stockings. Irish Genealogy Services offers a worldwide facility providing professionally researched histories of families, individuals and houses. The event was, however, ‘painfully dry’. The South African Irish then returned with other units of 5 Brigade to Kenya and, embarking at Mombasa on 18 April, reached Suez on 1 May 1941. Whereas many Irishmen served in units composed of their countrymen which were to found distinguished records in the annals of the British Army, others remained bitter opponents of the Protestant monarchy. O’Connor 89%, Connor 9%, Connors 2% 5. With testimonials from State Secretary Reitz and General Botha in his pocket, Major MacBride said farewell to his horse, Fenian Boy, and, with what was left of his brigade, boarded a train which clattered across the great iron bridge over the Komati River and into Portuguese territory. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. 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